Germany's population rose by 300,000 people over the course of 2023, the Federal Statistical Office, known as Destatis, reported Thursday. At the end of 2023, Germany's population came in at 84.7 million people, the office said.
The growth kept in line with the average rate seen between 2012 and 2021, the office said.
In 2022, Germany's population hit a record high, adding 1.1 million people, mainly driven by the influx of Ukrainians fleeing the war .
As with other years, net migration, or the balance between people who emigrate and immigrate, was the biggest factor for population growth.
Germany saw a net migration of somewhere between 680,000 and 710,000 people, the office said.
As in all years since German reunification, the balance of births and deaths was again negative in 2023, as more people died than were born, the agency said in a statement.
Without immigration, Germany's population would have shrunk every year since at least 1990, it added.
Migration dominates domestic politics
Migration continues to be a key topic in Germany where the government has bolstered border controls and promised to speed up deportations.
At the same time, the government has addressed the need for foreign workers with reforms easing access to citizenship.