The death toll from a series of earthquakes in western Afghanistan rose sharply again Sunday to more than 2,000 as rescuers scrabbled for survivors among the ruins of razed villages.
Saturday's magnitude 6.3 quake -- followed by eight strong aftershocks -- jolted hard-to-reach areas 30 kilometres (19 miles) northwest of the provincial capital of Herat, toppling rural homes and sending panicked city dwellers surging into the streets.
"2,053 martyrs were killed in 13 villages. 1,240 people are injured. 1,320 houses were completely destroyed," Taliban government spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid wrote on social media site X, formerly Twitter, citing the disaster management agency.
As night fell Saturday in Sarboland village of Zinda Jan district, an AFP reporter saw dozens of homes ruined near the epicentre of the quakes, which shook the area for more than five hours.
Men shovelled through piles of crumbled masonry as women and children waited in the open, with gutted homes showing personal belongings flapping in the harsh wind.
"In the very first shake all the houses collapsed," said 42-year-old Bashir Ahmad.
"Those who were inside the houses were buried," he said. "There are families we have heard no news from."
Deputy government spokesman Bilal Karimi said Sunday, as the extent of the damage became clear, that "unfortunately, the casualties are practically very high".
"We are waiting to see how the final figures will turn out," he told AFP.
- 'Everything turned to sand' -
Nek Mohammad told AFP he was at work when the first quake struck at around 11:00 am (0630 GMT).
"We came home and saw that actually there was nothing left. Everything had turned to sand," said the 32-year-old, adding that some 30 bodies had been recovered.
"So far, we have nothing. No blankets or anything else. We are here left out at night with our martyrs," he said as darkness began to fall.
The World Health Organization said late Saturday "the number of casualties is expected to rise as search and rescue operations are ongoing".
In Herat city, residents fled their homes and schools, hospitals and offices evacuated when the first quake was felt. There were few reports of casualties in the metropolitan area, however.
Afghanistan is already suffering in the grip of a dire humanitarian crisis, with the widespread withdrawal of foreign aid following the Taliban's return to power in 2021.
Herat province -- home to some 1.9 million people on the border with Iran -- has also been hit by a years-long drought that has crippled many already hardscrabble agricultural communities.
Afghanistan is frequently hit by earthquakes, especially in the Hindu Kush mountain range, which lies near the junction of the Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates.
More than 1,000 people were killed and tens of thousands left homeless in June last year after a 5.9-magnitude quake -- the deadliest in Afghanistan in nearly a quarter of a century -- struck the impoverished province of Paktika.